English Lesson 75 Essay

George Washington Plunkitt complained that the Civil Service reform was damaging young individuals’ sense of duty to the country and patriotism. How serious was Plunkitt about patriotism’s connection to obtaining a job after Tammany hall won an election?

Plunkitt was saying that if the Civil Service Reform went into action, the entrance examinations and tenure would prevent Tammany Hall from handing out jobs to its voters if it was elected. This is essentially bribery. That is not the issue, however. To find out whether he was serious, we need to know a bit more about the book he said it in.

“The Autobiography of George Washington Plunkitt” was not actually written by him, but by William R. Riordan. And Riordan manipulated Plunkitt’s words a lot. He wrote the book mostly as a stereotypical example of Tammany’s executives. It is quite surpising that Plunkitt even authorized the book. So it is quite possible that Riordan could have taken Plunkitt’s words and exaggerated them to the phrases that they are.

One of the things that is consistent throughout, however, is that Plunkitt did not like the civil service. (Litote{sort of}) He came back to that again and again, and even declared that the top priority of the democratic party should be removing it, saying “I see the party standing over the Civil Service monster, and I see Thomas Jefferson looking down from a cloud saying ‘Give him another sockdollager!'” (Almost certainly Riordan’s words, but it proved a good point.) So he might have actually meant what he said.

English Lesson 70 Essay

Is Booker T Washington’s view of the future also my own?

Well, first we must know what his view was. The best way to say it is “Something’ll turn up.” He says repeatedly that worrying will do you no good and that it is a liability. He also gives repeated examples of miraculous events that save the school’s bacon. Usually this was in the form of a check that arrived the day before a bill was due, with the exact amount written on it. And it happened over and over again.

Now the question is “Do I agree?” We must turn to Romans 8:28. “And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.”

This can be taken the wrong way, however. The passage does not state that there will not be trials, or hard times, or crises. In fact, it says the opposite. It also does not say that it is okay to be lax or slouch. Again, the opposite is said. You are not promised wealth, or fame, or a sucessful marriage. What it does promise is that the ultimate bad thing will not happen, and that your works will not be in vain, i you have God’shelp.

English Lesson 65 Essay

Was Booker T Washington’s program for gaining social acceptance for blacks an elitist program? No.

Washington did not wish for black men and women to become the Illuminati. He wanted the prejudice between the races to vaporize. An elitist Washington would have blacks work their way up to the top of society, and eventually drive the whites out of any important position.

His methods also clearly showed that there was no elitism. He founded hi school almost from scratch. There was a small loan from Hampton Institute, but that was it. He tried to get the impression that work is evil out of all his students’ minds, and showed that time after time.

English Lesson 45 Essay

What were the key events which brought Helen Keller out of her “prison?”

In 1886, Keller’s mother, inspired by an account in Charles Dickens’ American Notes of the successful education of another deaf and blind woman, Laura Bridgman, dispatched Keller, accompanied by her father, to seek out physician J. Julian Chisolm for advice. Chisholm referred the Kellers to Alexander Graham Bell, who was working with deaf children at the time. Bell advised them to contact the Perkins Institute for the Blind, which was then located in South Boston. Michael Anagnos, the school’s director, asked 20-year-old former student Anne Sullivan, herself visually impaired, to become Keller’s instructor.

Sullivan arrived at Keller’s house in March 1887. Keller locked her in a closet. For a long time. And hid the key. After her strenuous captivity, Sullivan attempted to tame this child. She did this by spelling the words into Keller’s hand. She started with “d-o-l-l,” because she had brought a doll to Keller as a present. Keller was frustrated, at first, because she did not understand that every object had a word uniquely identifying it. In fact, when Sullivan was trying to teach Keller the word for “mug”, Keller became so frustrated she broke the mug. Keller’s breakthrough in communication came the next month, when she realized that the motions her teacher was making on the palm of her hand, while running cool water over her other hand, symbolized the idea of “water”; she then nearly exhausted Sullivan demanding the names of all the other familiar objects in her world.

Some time afterwards Sullivan brought Keller raised cardboard letters. It was in this way that Keller learned the alphabet. Sullivan then found that a new technology had developed, and it was amazingly groundbreaking.

Raised letter books.

This allowed Keller to “read” not just words, but entire stories. Her favorite was Little Lord Fauntleroy. She never explained why.

It was at this point that Sullivan decided to start to explain more complex things to Keller. At least she tried. While they were having sort of fingerdash conversation about the outdoors, Sullivan mentioned a thing called “love.” Keller was, of course, perplexed. When she asked, Sullivan stumbled. She then tried to explain that love was like the sun, and the plants, and a host of other things, but with no success. But Sullivan was no fool, so she gave up. At least for the time being.

Sullivan devised an exercise. She was beginning to teach Keller math, and gave her a string of sorted beads. She told her to string the beads, but in a particular pattern. Keller tried this many times, but never quite managed it. Sullivan then wrote on her forehead, “think.” It was at this point that Keller understood her first abstract concept.

English Lesson 35 Essay

How did Sergei Kourdakov use contrasts to strengthen his story? He actually used quite a lot of them. The first is the difference in treatment between the Christians and the ones persecuting them. The persecution group received very high pay, as well as praise and recommendation, and high liberty. But the ones being persecuted experienced beating and horrible torments, even to the point of death. Continue reading

English Lesson 30 Essay

Sergei Kourdakov was a Russian naval cadet in the Soviet Union. But he was also part of a secret police unit. He was assigned to break up a gathering of Christians in a small home and arrest the leaders. But, according to his superiors, he failed, despite ending the meeting and bringing in the leaders. Why? And how did he end up there in the first place? Continue reading